How soon after bankruptcy can I buy a house again?
Sooner than most people think. And for some, it just got even better. That’s because of a new policy from the Federal Housing Administration, announced by FHA Commissioner Carole Galante.
Under the new FHA policy, how soon after bankruptcy can I buy a house again?
It has to be one year after the bankruptcy discharge…and if you lost your previous house, it has to be one year after the shortsale, foreclosure or deed-in-lieu. Whichever is last. (So if you file bankruptcy in July 2013, discharged November 2013, but the mortgage company doesn’t get around to foreclosing until February 2014, your waiting period starts in February 2014, not November 2013.)
There are some other rules. Here’s the big one. Your bankruptcy–and your loss of your previous house–has to be because of a six month loss of income of at least 20%. Job loss, major pay reduction, or maybe you lost of a lot of time from work for medical reasons, or something like that. The FHA calls that an “economic event.”
Before the crisis lot of people got slammed into mortgages they just couldn’t afford–that won’t get you the one year rule. That’s not an “economic event.” Kids got too big for the old house–that won’t get you the one year rule, either.
What about marriage break up? The way I read it, eligibility depends on household income. If both spouses were on the old mortgage, and were working, and they split up, then the “household” income dropped. The way I read it, that’s an “economic event” that gets you the one year waiting period.
What else do you have to do? You need to show you had good credit before the “economic event.” Before you had that job loss or paycut, or break-up, you needed to be pretty much current on everything. If you were dragging around bad credit even before you took that paycut, you can’t get in that one year policy.
Finally, after bankruptcy, you need at least twelve months of paying everything on time. That’s twelve months of good credit, or, the way I read it, having twelve months of no credit at all. You just can’t have bad credit.
(This makes your after bankruptcy credit report even more important. I’m one of only a handful of bankruptcy lawyers who works with you to check your after bankruptcy credit report. If somebody hits your credit after the bankruptcy, and disputes don’t fix it, I sue. That problem is a lot less common then it was ten years ago, when I started suing. But it still happens.)
And you also have to be counselled by a housing counselor. Springboard seems to have a useful site, here.
What if you don’t have that “economic event”–the loss of 20% or more of your income. You still have the same question. How soon after bankruptcy can I buy a houseThat rule is two years after the bankruptcy discharge, two years after s shortsale or deed in lieu, three years after a foreclosure. That’s found in the FannieMae Selling Guide, look at page 486. Those rules are if there are “extenuating circumstances.” “Extenuating circumstances” don’t have to be as specific as the 20% loss of income that counts as an “economic event.” But there has to be some actual hardship–not just a strategic default. If you just decided to not pay, the rule is seven years.
If you lost your house as part of the prior bankruptcy, that can be an additional problem. On July 29, 2014, Fannie Mae cancelled the three year after foreclosure rule for people who file bankruptcy. Their announcement is here. You have to get two years past the bankruptcy, but you do NOT have to wait until three years after they actually foreclose. But while you don’t have to wait three years, people trying to buy a house tell me they still get turned down if the house is still sitting there without a foreclosure. That’s one reason I tell people, don’t move out.
UPDATE: The one year rule isn’t working very well.
An October 22, 2014 article in the New York Times reports only 337 people nationally were approved in the first year of the program. Bank of America, Wells Fargo and Chase all said they would NOT help people under the one-year program.