Chapter 13 is selected by less than 5% of my Virginia bankruptcy clients. For other people filing bankruptcy in Northern Virginia, it’s about 20%. That statistic jumped out from a computer study of cases filed in bankruptcy court for Northern Virginia for the last six weeks of 2010.
You might wonder if we avoid Chapter 13 bankruptcy because we don’t know how to do them. Actually, our firm has really good qualifications to do them–but only when they are needed.
Lori Rupp, our Chapter 13 Senior Paralegal, was paralegal for the Chapter 13 Trustee in Flint Michigan.
I moderated the panel of bankruptcy judges on Chapter 13 at the NACBA national convention when the 2005 law took effect.
We’ve done nearly one thousand Chapter 13’s.
We know a lot–including knowing enough to avoid Chapter 13 unless there’s some good reason to be there.
Why? One reason is most of them fail. In the last six weeks, there were 200 filed in Northern Virginia–and 120 were dismissed. That works out to a failure rate of 60%.
Second, they are unpredictable. Under the 2005 bankruptcy law, you are required to send your tax forms to the trustee every year. If there’s an “unforeseen” increase in your income, the trustee can ask the judge to increase your payments. You can get your case approved paying a couple hundred dollars a month–and end up paying over a thousand. (Richmond Bankruptcy Judge Judge Keith Phillips explains that here. Swain decision – KLP.)
(Bankruptcy is supposed to be a new start in life and clear field for future effort. I don’t think it’s much of a new start if the trustee can keep coming back asking for more.)
Third, it’s worse for your credit. You start getting back to good credit when you get your bankruptcy discharge. In a Chapter 7, that’s about four months. In Chapter 13, it’s sometimes three and usually five years.
(About half the creditors keep reporting you as late every month of your payment plan–piling on five more years of bad credit. Christine Wolk, a NACBA member out of Wisconsin, got her judge there to say that’s illegal. You can download that Judge’s ruling here. I’ve tried challenge to that unfair credit reporting here, too, but these judges did not see it my way.)
Chapter 13’s often fail. Your payment is unpredictable. They are worse for your credit. For those reasons, and a few others, for most people, I think Chapter 7 works better.